Clay purchased from a store can be pricey, but it is simple to manufacture at yourself using flour, salt, water, and vegetable oil. The clay, also known as salt dough, may be molded into any shape before being baked and painted with acrylics.

The clay can be air-dried for 48 to 72 hours if you don’t have access to an oven or don’t want to heat up your kitchen.

This clay is safe to eat for those who are gluten intolerant; however, it probably won’t taste very good. It’s a terrific method to get kids interested in arts and crafts without having to worry about them putting their creations in their mouths.

How to Make Clay

The art of shaping and molding clay dates back thousands of years. Clay has been a fundamental part of human culture, used for both practical and artistic purposes.

Whether you’re an aspiring potter or just curious about this ancient medium, this guide covers everything you need to know about creating and using natural clay.

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How to Make Clay At Home

With just baking soda, cornstarch, water, and food coloring, you can manufacture your own handmade clay. Googly eyes, feathers, chenille sticks, craft sticks, and pompoms are all great options if you want to jazz things up a bit.

Here’s how to put together a quick and easy project that the kids will enjoy.

Materials Required

  • Cups of Baking Soda, Two
  • 1 cup cornstarch + 1 1/4 cups water
  • Coloring for food
  • Feathers, chenille stems, craft sticks, and pompoms can be added if desired.

How to Make Clay

Step 1: Put the cornstarch, baking soda, and water into a saucepan.

Step 2: Stirring constantly, cook the ingredients over medium heat until they take on the texture of mashed potatoes.

Step 3: After the clay has cooled, cut it into quarters.

Step 4: Mix in some dye, then knead it smooth.

Step 5: Create incredible works of art and amusing toys out of clay. Create adorable creatures by embellishing them with wiggle eyes, feathers, and other craft supplies.

Step 6: Put your artwork out in the sun to dry.

Clay Project Ideas

Try these fun ideas to make with clay:

Clay Rainbow

The clay should be divided into seven equal parts. You may make rainbow-colored dough by adding food coloring. Make a rainbow by rolling the dough into long, thin strands and shaping each one into an arch. Varnish the clay once it has been baked or dried.

Christmas Tree Ornaments

Shape cookies into things like stars, trees, hearts, and snowmen with cookie cutters. Draw patterns or make holes in the dough with a craft stick or pencil tip. Decorate the clay with paint after baking or drying. Use a piece of yarn or ribbon to hang it from the tree.


Cut the dough in half and then in half again, making one piece larger than the others. Dye each serving a different color with food coloring. Make a ball out of each piece for the body, and use the larger one as the head.

Cut a pipe cleaner in half, then into eight even smaller pieces. Bend the pipe cleaners in half and insert them into the balls on all sides except the head. These are the lower limbs. Implant two googly eyes into the scalp. Connect the spheres end to end and bake or dry the clay. Apply varnish to the caterpillar to seal it.

Storing and Sealing Clay

The salt or baking soda in the recipes prevents mold and germs from taking hold in the clay. So, sealed bags of clay can be kept for a long time at room temperature without any problems. However, the shelf life of clay can be prolonged by refrigeration.

Items made from clay can be air-dried or baked at a warm oven temperature (200 to 250 degrees Fahrenheit) for 30 minutes to an hour. Flour or cornstarch will get darker if heated for too long or at too high of a temperature, so be careful.

Due of its porous nature, clay should be sealed before being colored to reduce paint consumption. Sealing clay has the added benefit of making the objects more water- and breakage-resistant. Keep things dry if you don’t seal them.

Understanding Natural Clay

Natural clay is essentially a product of decomposed rock, combined with water. It can be found in many regions worldwide, often in riverbeds or areas where water once flowed. Known for its plasticity when wet and hardness when dried, natural clay has long been a favorite for artists and builders alike.

Making Clay at Home: DIY Recipes

  • For Pottery:
    • Find a natural source, like a riverbed or construction site.
    • Remove large debris and let the soil settle in a large container of water.
    • Once settled, siphon off the water, leaving the clay behind. Repeat this process until the clay is clean.
    • Knead the clay to remove air bubbles and achieve consistency.
  • With Flour (Non-Durable):
    • Combine 2 cups of flour, 1 cup of salt, and 1 cup of water.
    • Mix until a dough-like consistency is achieved. This clay is great for kids’ crafts but isn’t as durable as natural clay.

Exploring the Different Types of Clay

  • Earthenware: A common clay that is porous and fires at low temperatures.
  • Stoneware: Denser than earthenware and fires at higher temperatures.
  • Porcelain: Known for its fine texture, whiteness, and translucency.
  • Ball Clay: A highly plastic, fine-grained type, great for pottery.
  • Fire Clay: Resistant to high temperatures, often used for making bricks.

The Creation Process of Real Clay

Natural clay formation is a millennia-long process. It begins with the weathering of rock, often through the action of water, wind, and temperature fluctuations. Over time, these elements break down rock into smaller particles.

When combined with water, these particles bind together to form clay. Its unique properties come from the size of its particles and its mineral content.

Fun Clay Projects for School

  • Clay Volcano: Using homemade flour clay, students can shape a volcano, which can later be used for the classic baking soda and vinegar eruption experiment.
  • Historical Pottery Replicas: Students can research ancient pottery styles and create their replicas.
  • Clay Beads: Ideal for younger children, this project involves shaping small beads, letting them dry, and then painting or decorating them.

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Homemade clay can be used in a variety of ways, including for modeling, experiments, and creative pursuits. These recipes produce refrigerator clay, which is similar to store-bought modeling clay in that it hardens when baked, can be coated for a glossy appearance, and can be molded without drying out. All the necessary items are already in your kitchen.

From its natural formation in the environment to its various uses in craft and construction, clay remains an integral part of our world. Making clay at home, whether for pottery or school projects, offers a hands-on experience with this versatile material.

Remember, while DIY recipes are fun and easy, nothing quite compares to the texture and durability of natural, earth-found clay. So, whether you’re an enthusiast or just starting, there’s a whole world of clay crafting awaiting you!